ENEA is the National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, a public law entity aimed at research, technological innovation and the provision of advanced services to businesses, public administration and citizens in the fields of energy, environment and sustainable economic development (art. 4 Law 28 December 2015, n. 221). ENEA has highly qualified personnel, advanced laboratories, experimental facilities and instrumentation of excellence for the implementation of projects, studies, tests, evaluations, analyses and training services with particular reference to product and process innovation and the exploitation of results to contribute to the development and competitiveness of the Country System. Since its foundation in the ’60s, its strengths are applied research, technology transfer and technical and scientific assistance to companies, associations, territories, central and local administrations: also for this reason, unlike other research bodies, the institutional reference is the Ministry of Economic Development. The areas of specialization are energy technologies (renewable sources, storage, smart grids) where the Agency is also the coordinator of the National Energy Technology Cluster, nuclear fusion and safety (where the Agency is the national coordinator for research), energy efficiency (with the National Agency for Efficiency), technologies for cultural heritage, seismic protection, food safety, pollution, life sciences, strategic raw materials, climate change. Among the emerging issues, ENEA supports the production system and public authorities (Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Economic Development in particular) in the transition towards circular economy and resource efficiency.

Research on the Energy System – RSE SpA is a joint stock company of the GSE SpA Group, which develops research activities in the field of electro-energy, with particular reference to national strategic projects, of general public interest, financed by the Electricity System Research Fund.

RSE implements research activities in collaboration with the central and local public administration system, with the production system in its broadest articulation, with associations and groupings of small and medium-sized enterprises and consumer associations.

RSE promotes and encourages the development of tomorrow’s professionalism through all opportunities to support the development of training and dissemination activities related to research topics covered.

The research and development activity concerns the entire electro-energy chain from an essentially experimental and applicative point of view, and is carried out through internal research initiatives and in response to external requests.

RSE has a human capital that constitutes a unique patrimony of skills and experiences, whose defense and support are necessary conditions for the development of innovation policies in a sector of relevant interest for the Country System, such as the energy one.

The National Research Council (CNR) is a national public research organization with multidisciplinary competences, supervised by the Ministry of University and Research (MUR). Founded in 1923, its task is to carry out scientific research projects in the main fields of knowledge and to apply the results for the development of the country, promoting innovation, the internationalization of the “research system” and fostering the competitiveness of the industrial system.

Every day, the CNR faces the challenges of our time in many areas: human and planetary health, environment and energy, food and sustainable agriculture, transport and production systems, ICT, new materials, sensors and aerospace. But also human sciences and protection of cultural heritage, social sciences, bioethics, quantum sciences and technologies, artificial intelligence, enabling technologies. 

The activities are carried out through a wealth of human resources of about 8,500 employees operating throughout the country, of which more than 7,000 engaged in research and research support activities. The scientific network consists of 88 research institutes and seven departments for macro-thematic areas. An important contribution comes from collaborations, also international, with researchers from universities and companies.

The CNR is also the largest non-university institution involved in the PhD programs of Italian universities, with the aim of contributing to the advanced training of young people through paths characterized by high scientific profile, innovation and quality of research.

The Italian Institute of Technology (IIT) is a foundation governed by articles 14 et seq. of the Civil Code, established by Law Decree 269/03, converted into Law 326/2003 (art. 4 of the Statute), financed by the State to carry out scientific research activities of general interest, for the purpose of technological development.

The IIT is supervised by the Ministry of Economy and Finance and by the Ministry of Education, University and Research and is subject to the control of the Court of Auditors pursuant to Law 259/58 (“Participation of the Court of Auditors in the control of the financial management of bodies to which the State contributes in an ordinary way” – art. 12).

The IIT aims to promote excellence in basic and applied research and to encourage the development of the national economic system.